Earth Science

Water bearing Formations

Any geological structure/formation/strata which contains water is called as a Water bearing formation. Typically, water bearing formations are named as Aquifers in geology. Those structures have capacity to absorb or transmit water, and generally formed as soil or rock formations. Most of the aquifers are highly porous and permeable. Thus, those structures are mainly taken …

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Origin of Groundwater

Origin of Groundwater Groundwater is the water which established in the geological formations (Fractures, Fissures, Pore Spaces) in the underground. Those groundwater bearing formations are called as Aquifers in Geology. However, groundwater copies the surface topography; Mostly groundwater flows from high pressure to low pressure (pressure gradients) fracture paths. Generally, groundwater of the world is …

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Chronic kidney diseases of uncertain etiology (CKDue) in Sri Lanka: geographic distribution and environmental implications

Rohana Chandrajith,  Shanika Nanayakkara,  Kozuyoshi Itai,  T. N. C. Aturaliya, C. B. Dissanayake,  Thilak Abeysekera,  Kouji Harada,  Takao Watanabe,  Akio Koizumi Abstract The increase in the number of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients from the north central region of Sri Lanka has become a environmental health issue of national concern. Unlike in other countries where …

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Serum and urine fluoride levels in populations of high environmental fluoride exposure with endemic CKDu: a case–control study from Sri Lanka

W. B. N. T. Fernando1 . Nishantha Nanayakkara 2. Lishanthe Gunarathne3, Rohana Chandrajith4 1Centre for Education, Research and Training on Kidney Diseases (CERTKiD), Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka 2Transplant and Dialysis Unit, Teaching Hospital, Kandy, Sri Lanka 3Base Hospital, Girandurukotte, Sri Lanka 4Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, …

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